A container is filled with water and the pressure at the container bottom is P. If the container is instead filled with oil having specific gravity 0.80, what new bottom pressure results?

When a container is filled with water, the pressure at the bottom of the container is known as atmospheric pressure (P). This pressure is caused by the weight of the water pressing down on any objects in or near it. If instead of water, a container is filled with oil having a specific gravity of 0.80, then this will cause different effects on the bottom pressure.

The specific gravity of an object refers to its density relative to that of pure water. Objects with higher densities than pure water have greater specific gravities and vice versa for objects with lower densities than pure water. In other words, liquids (or solids) with high specific gravities are denser than those with low ones and as such exert more force per unit area when subjected to gravitational forces.

A container is filled with water and the pressure at the container bottom is P. If the container is instead filled with oil having specific gravity 0.80, what new bottom pressure results?

Based on this understanding, it follows that if we fill a container with oil having a specific gravity 0.80 compared to that for pure water (1), then the new bottom pressure exerted by this liquid will be less than that for P due to its lower density meaning there would be fewer molecules present in given volume which reduces overall force acting upon surface area containers floor or walls come into contact directly/indirectly with fluid inside them thus resulting in lower total amount being measured near said point(s).
This effectively means that when comparing two liquids – one having SG = 1 & another SG = 0.80 – same volume would contain less mass & force pushing downwards due lack particles comprising former being heavier/denser so therefore lower overall bottom pressure should result when latter type fluid fills up space available within box/container thus providing us answer sought after our question regarding what new amount value reads upon measuring device displays after filling back up again!

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